Practical Considerations for Siting Your Indoor or Outdoor Water Feature
The location of your water feature will be determined by its relationship to the house, the design space boundaries, and existing features such as trees, as well as general site conditions such as slopes and shelter. These factors may also affect the type of feature it is possible to install. Furthermore, you must consider its siting relative to all the other elements of your design space such as the terrace, lawn, paths, and planting. It is unlikely there
Water Fountain and Design space Design
It will be a perfect place, but by juggling with all the issues and thinking of the site as a whole, a water feature can be positioned in the best location that your particular design space and specific requirements will allow.
Before excavating your water feature it is essential to establish the position of any underground services (gas pipes, electric cables, drains, and sewers lines) so that they can be avoided. You should also site your water feature far enough from trees and boundaries to avoid damage to roots and foundations. Slope, drainage, and soil Design spaces are rarely completely level, and where possible a water feature should be located at a low point. This not only looks and feels right but surface water runoff will help keep the water feature topped up naturally. Sloping sites allow for the creation of moving s in the form of streams, rills, and waterfalls.
Underlying rock, soil type, and drainage patterns will also inﬂuence the siting and type of water feature. Hard rock close to the surface can be difficult and expensive to excavate; you may choose to install a raised water feature to avoid having to do this. A high water table or poorly drained ground can also cause a problem in that water in the ground exerts pressure from below that can damage the water feature structure. Flexible liners can balloon up, a phenomenon known as “hippo-ing” for obvious reasons. On ground of this nature the only solution is to install a drainage system beneath the liner to remove the excess water.
Sun, shade, and shelter A water feature should be located in a bright, open site that ideally receives some shade for at least part of the day. Too much sun will increase evaporation rates and the tendency for algae (green water) to proliferate; too much shade will limit the range of aquatic plants that can be grown and reduce the ability of the water feature to support life. Shade from walls is preferable to that cast by overhanging trees as falling leaves cause a problem. In exposed sites water features can suffer from increased evaporation and from the leaves of plants absorbing more water than the water feature can compensate. A water feature located in a sheltered site is also more attractive to wildlife and preferable for water feature plants, many of which have tall stems that can be damaged by high winds. Wind will also disrupt fountain effects, causing water loss as well as creating unpleasant rushes of water from spouts and falls rather than the steady relaxing sound they are designed to make. Exposed sites can be made more sheltered by hedges or windbreaks that will benefit the whole design space, as well as the water feature.